La Martinique

Capital: Fort-de France

Population: ~400 000 

Official Language: French

Currency: Euro

 

How To come to Martinique?

Visiting Martinique

 

A bit of History... 


- 400 after Christ : The first inhabitants of the island were the Arawaks, also called Tainos. 

Originally from Central and South America, the Arawaks arrived in canoes and settled in the northeast of Martinique.

Very skilled with their hands, they possessed the art of pottery, basket-making and sculpture, with a great aesthetic sense.

It was a peaceful people.

Then came the Carib, Indian people from the valley of the Orinoco (South America) who will change their lives for ever. 

They exterminated the Arawaks, keeping only women and children for the "reproduction of slavery."

The Caribs had a passion for war.

 

- 14 September 1493: Having left Cadiz, Christopher Columbus, while seeking the Indies, approaches the islands of Guadeloupe and Sainte-Croix.

 

- 1502: Christopher Columbus arrived in Martinique. Seduced by the beauty of the island and by its luxuriant vegetation, it takes possession in the name of the king of Spain.

 

- In 1635, Pierre Belain d'Esnambuc, while French governor of the island of St. Kitts, landed in St. Pierre, Martinique. D'Esnambuc claimed Martinique for the French King Louis XIII.

The Caribs were exterminated until 1658, only a few survived on the northern Atlantic coast.

 

After the death of d’Esnambuc in 1636, his nephew Jacques Dyel du Parquet became governor of the island in 1637 and the island will take a real economic boom.

Post 1688: Martinique was occupied several times by the British but it was traded back to France at the result of the Napoleonic Wars. And, since then, Martinique is part of France. 

1848: Slavery was abolished on May 22, 1848, thanks to the determination of Victor Schoelcher. 

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